The term means "offering" in Greek, referring to the preparation of the bread and wine during the Eucharist (q.v.). It has other related meanings, including the Eucharist itself, and in Byzantine churches it refers to the northern of two storage chambers (collectively referred to aspastophoria) flanking the central apse (q.v.). The prothesis is the chamber where the sacred bread and other elements of the Eucharist were stored and prepared. The other storage chamber, the diakonikon (q.v.), is located on the south side of the church's central apse.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Prothesis — auf den Grabtafeln des Exekias Prothesis (griechisch πρόθεσις Aus oder Zurschaustellung ) ist die Bezeichnung für die Aufbahrung eines Verstorbenen. Sie war wohl spätestens seit dem 8. Jh. fester Bestandteil des griechischen Bestattungsrituals.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prothesis — may mean one of the following: *Prothesis (liturgy) is part of the Divine Liturgy of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Also the chapel within the sanctuary where this part of the service takes placeThe term prothesis is sometimes used for… …   Wikipedia

  • PROTHESIS — Graece Πρόθεσις, vocabatur, cum mortui ad fores erant collocati, versis in publicum pedibus, usque dum efferrentur. Vide supra in voce Positi. In Ecclesia Graeca sic Altare minus ad sinistram Bematis partem, (cum maius, dictum ἁγία Τράπεζα, in… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • prothesis — from Gk. prothesis “a placing before, a placing in public,” from pro (see PRO (Cf. pro )) + thesis (see THESIS (Cf. thesis)). In ecclesiastical sense from 1670s; grammatical from 1870 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Prothesis — Proth e*sis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? a placing in public, fr. ? to set before; ? before + ? to set, put.] 1. (Eccl.) A credence table; so called by the Eastern or Greek Church. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) See {Prosthesis}. Dunglison. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Prothĕsis — (gr.), 1) das Vor , Ausstellen; 2) öffentlicher Anschlag; 3) Vorsatz, Entschluß; 4) (Rhet.), die Aufstellung des zu behandelnden Arguments …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Prothesis —   [griechisch] die, , frühchristliche Baukunst: Pastophorien …   Universal-Lexikon

  • prothesis — [präth′ə sis] n. [LL < Gr, a placing before < protithenai, to set before < pro , before + tithenai, to place, DO1] 1. Gram. the addition of a syllable or phoneme to the beginning of a word 2. Eastern Orthodox Ch. a) the preparation and… …   English World dictionary

  • prothesis — Prosthesis Pros the*sis, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? an addition, fr. ? to put to, to add; ? to + ? to put, place.] 1. (Surg.) The addition to the human body of some artificial part, to replace one that is wanting, as a log or an eye; called also… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • prothesis — prothetic /preuh thet ik/, adj. prothetically, adv. /proth euh sis/, n., pl. protheses / seez / for 2b, c, 3. 1. the addition of a sound or syllable at the beginning of a word, as in Spanish escala ladder from Latin scala. 2. Eastern Ch. a. Also… …   Universalium

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